Stingrays (Batoidea)

What Do They Look Like?

They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but all stingrays have a triangular flat shape body with a tapering tail that is armed with one or more spines. The stingray’s colours commonly reflect the sea floor’s shading, camouflaging it from predators. Their eyes peer out from the top of their body, while their mouth, nostrils, and gill slits are underneath.

Where Do They Live?

In very shallow waters all over Australia.

Why Are They Dangerous?

Most stingrays have barbs on their tails that they use for defence. These barbs are venomous. When humans get stabbed, the wound bleeds, swells and is very painful. The venom can cause nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, diarrhoea, sweating and convulsions.

How to Avoid Them?

Shuffle your feet — this tells them you are coming and gives them time to swim away. Always wear thick-soled shoes when walking through shallow water.

What to Do If You Get Hurt

Call 000. Put the affected area in hot water (as hot as the victim can stand) and get medical assistance. If the barb is still stuck, don’t remove it.


Stingrays Factsheet

Factsheet Booklet